I am a compassionate researcher, philosopher, blogger, skilled helper. Passionately connecting (off- and online) with people on a global scale, for the purpose to exchange knowledge, experiences and perspectives. My personal building stones are the wisdom of our ancestors and of nature. In addition, the knowledge and technology of the 21st century. By sharing these building blocks and offering support through my website, I aim to inspire my fellow Human Beings to Connect.

After slavery was abolished, together with the end of civil wars, army bands were dissolved and their musical instruments dumped. The wooden instruments were far too expensive and therefore not affordable for ex slaves. These new Afro-Americans had less to spend, however could afford the cheaper ones; the brass-instruments.

During that time period, street-bands were formed with as a base the T-bass and washboard. In addition, they played Brass-instruments, banjo, drum, and used their voice accompanied by handclaps.

The T-Bass was a cheap alternative for the wooden classical counter-bass and later the standing bass. It was made out of a tin tub, steel wire and a broomstick.
Washboards were used together with metal finger-hoods.
The prototype of the banjo was a calabash, or hollowed-out pumpkin, over which an animal skin was stretched and strings added.

Brass-instruments were those dumped army instruments; trumpet, cornet, trombone, tuba and for the more fortunate people; the saxophone. For drums, well, we don’t have to explain that, right?

Fretless 19th Century Banjo Source: http://usslave.blogspot.de

The voice and handclap were also used in a different way:

During times of slavery, a group of slaves would form a circle within their middle a foreman and lyrics were recited at a rhythmical base. This circle, was called a ring and the foreman was called a ring-shouter.
Shouting out lyrics, accompanied by handclaps, the cadans of “call and answer” was born: the work song.

For an example of a Ring-shouter, you can view a video at you-tube  of a group of singers, who still perform the original ring-shouting today:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zg_UevpsyQA

The handclap was performed at a specific 4/4 beat, which means at 2nd and 4th beat, also known as the after-beat.

Short Tutorial

https://youtu.be/7qdctV5uuKo

Focusing at these light beats during the cadans, the so called ‘chain-gang work song’ developed. Although slaves were (supposed to be) free at the beginning of the 20th century, life was still hard and work though for the new Afro-Americans and these work songs were still used as relief.

Stay Connected...

Enter your email address to subscribe to this website and receive notifications of new articles, collaborations, soul scribbles and more by email.

Acknowledge...

Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on pinterest
Share on reddit
Share on email

Or Connect...

Why I believe it’s important: CLICK

6 Responses

  1. When my brother studied Jazz music at the conservatory he explained me this accent. I studied classical singing (old school 1-3) and noticed the differences and the ‘swing’ of the 2-4 clap. And so much more possibilities in modern music to express yourself.
    Thank you ❤

    1. Thanks for reading Bun. Yes, indeed. Reminds me of sitting at the dining table and my father always found something to make music with, even his own head 🙂

Looking forward to connect !

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Recent Posts
Patty

Adapting to a new (temporary) normal

Adapting to a (temporary) new normal. Well, at least I hope the current worldwide crisis will be temporary. Life continues. Spring arrived, household chores need taken care of, birthdays, loss of beloved ones (unrelated to corona), gardening, sleep, eat, etc. On top of that, depending on the country one resides, adjusting to all kind of new rules and restrictions. Feelings of anxiety and even fear might rise.

Read More »
Patty

Inspiring Quotes ~ Dalai Lama

Quotes can be inspiring, soul boosting, thought provoking… “Whether one is rich or poor, educated or illiterate, religious or nonbelieving, man or woman, black, white,

Read More »
Patty

Adapting to a new (temporary) normal

Adapting to a (temporary) new normal. Well, at least I hope the current worldwide crisis will be temporary. Life continues. Spring arrived, household chores need taken care of, birthdays, loss of beloved ones (unrelated to corona), gardening, sleep, eat, etc. On top of that, depending on the country one resides, adjusting to all kind of new rules and restrictions. Feelings of anxiety and even fear might rise.

Read More »
Patty

Inspiring Quotes ~ Dalai Lama

Quotes can be inspiring, soul boosting, thought provoking… “Whether one is rich or poor, educated or illiterate, religious or nonbelieving, man or woman, black, white,

Read More »

Thank you for visiting my website!

WWW.PATTYWOLTERS.COM